I compute the return on invested capital at the start of for each company in my public company sample of . Aswath Damodaran said. January 28, at am by Aswath Damodaran . for these companies to estimate excess returns (ROIC – Cost of Capital) for each firm. Return on Capital or Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) is something I . Aswath Damodaran is an NYU professor and the guru of valuation.

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However, if you are holding a stock for 30 years, a discount or premium to value becomes insignificant as it gets spread out over many years. With financial service firms, where the excess returns are better measured by looking at the difference between ROE and cost of equity, the excess returns remain positive for the moment, but the future hold sthe terrifying prospect of unbridled competition from the fin tech startups.

This step, though seemingly simple, is fraught with difficulties. I’ve made some assumptions here and I can’t say with certainty that all of them are perfectly correct. It behooves us, as investors, to be wary of growth in companies.

ROIC – Formula, Examples, How to Calculate ROIC

If there is a better reason for pushing for stronger corporate governance and more activist investors, I cannot think of it. Dwmodaran you want to delve into the details, my condolences, but you can read this really long, really boring paper that I have on measurement issues with the return on equity and capital.

For investors, looking at this listing of good and bad businesses inI would offer a warning about extrapolating to investing choices. If companies are taking this maxim to heart and dqmodaran accordingly, you should expect to see companies with the highest growth also have the most positive excess returns and the companies that are shrinking or have the lowest growth to be the ones that have the most negative returns.


One of the posts emanated from a conversation I had with the fine gentlemen damodara Ensemble Capital. Damodaaran core idea is exceptional. Thus, a company that can consistently generate returns on its invested capital that exceed its cost of capital is creating value, one that generates returns equal to the cost of capital is running in place and one that generates returns that are less than the cost of capital, it is destroying value.

The Math of Compounding. Data UpdateExcess Returns. Posted by Aswath Damodaran at 1: Where are you in the life cycle?

Base Hit Investing is one of my my favorite investment blogs and John – the author- has penned a series of very insightful posts on ROIC. The list of metrics I look at when I analyze businesses is long: Since accounting returns can vary, depending upon your estimation choices, it is important that I be transparent in the choices I made to compute the returns for the 43, firms in my sample: It is also the metric that lends itself well to converting stories to numbers, another obsession of mine.

We would want to analyze the ROIC for both companies over multiple years to understand how sustainable it is and how susceptible it is to a cyclical downturn.

As I look, in my next two posts, at how companies set debt ratios and decide how much to pay in dividends, where policy seems to be driven by inertia and me-toois, do keep this in mind. Intrinsic Investing Blog by Ensemble Capital A couple months back – I had the opportunity to meet with Sean and Arif from Ensemble Capital – two very smart guys that manage and invest money with a philosophy that’s not very different than my own – buying businesses with durable competitive advantages at a reasonable price, a concentrated portfolio of high conviction positions and a long term holding period.


My observations and insights: It is to remedy these problems that I will turn to measuring profitability with accounting returns, in the next section.

A few things I would say here:. Conversely, if a business earns eighteen percent on capital over twenty or thirty years, even if you pay an expensive looking damodzran, you’ll end up with one hell of a result.

Aswath Damodaran – January 2018 Data Update 7: Growth and Value

The excess returns, in deciles six through nine are about as negative as excess returns, in deciles two through five. Return on Invested Capital: If you look at almost every valuation that I have done on this blog or in my classes, a key input that drives my forecast of earnings in future years is a target margin either operating or net. The public market place globally, at least at the start ofhas more damoxaran destroyers than value creators, at least based upon trailing returns on capital.

With all the caveats about accounting returns in place, this comparison is one of the most important ones in valuation and finance, for a simple reason. We need to look at other metrics and also understand the core business and business model. Subscribe to ValueWalk Newsletter. The Hottest Metric in Finance: In this post, I will look at the other and perhaps more consequential part of the equation, by looking daodaran what companies generate as profits and returns.

A few things I would say here: Instead find businesses that generate high returns on capital. That said, there are variants of profit margins that can be computed depending on the earnings measure used:.

We can’t look at ROIC in isolation.